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intersectionality: A framework for examining the ways in which various structures of inequality (race, gender, etc.) are compounded when a single person or group experiences more than one of these identities. First developed by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989.

Intersectionality refers to the overlap of systems of oppression — including sexism, racism, homophobia, etc. — and the way they disproportionately affect people with intersecting identities. (For example, the unique ways in which Black women are subjected to both racism and sexism.) The theory of intersectionality was developed by lawyer and civil rights advocate Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989. In 2020, Crenshaw defined intersectionality in an interview with TIME as “a lens, a prism, for seeing the way in which various forms of inequality often operate together and exacerbate each other.” Today, activists commonly use the term intersectionality to describe the ways in which different forms of oppression interact with and exacerbate one another (A Glossary Of Anti-Racism Terms All Activists & Allies Should Know by Madhuri Sathish).

What is Intersectionality? with Kimberlé Crenshaw (2-minute video)

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